The population trebled in 70 years but saw few changes to its religious composition, a study shows.
US media say the officer fell ill while visiting India with CIA Director William Burns this month.
The Indian student was stopped from entering exam centre after a teacher objected to her clothes.
The ‘guests’ showed some dribbling skills before disappearing into the forest with the ball.
The ad is being praised in India where popular culture still portrays transgender people as caricatures.
A vast crowd of protesters, some riding on tractors, rallied in Uttar Pradesh state.
Attacks on Muslims by Hindu mobs have risen in India, with little apparent official condemnation.
Veteran separatist leader Syed Ali Geelani, a staunch critic of India, had been under house arrest.
Schools in India have been closed for more than a year, with learning outcomes falling drastically.
Hundreds of Afghan have taken refuge in India but they are worried about their families back home.
Her death puts the spotlight on the shameful treatment of women in India.
If you’re dead you can’t own land – so if someone obtains your death certificate you could lose everything.
How India engages with the Taliban after their rout of Afghanistan could determine the region’s fate.
Afghans arrive at Delhi airport in India after the Taliban take control of the country.
Boulders fall on a Himalayan highway, killing at least 10 people and trapping many more.
Ed Sheeran, Annie Lennox, Mick Jagger and Bollywood actors will join forces for livestreamed event.
Indian teachers’ demand for period leave reignites debate over whether it’s a positive step for women.
India has now won seven medals at Tokyo – one gold, two silver and four bronze, its biggest Olympic haul ever.
Fighting until the very end, India go down 3-4 to Great Britain in the bronze medal playoff.
Two years after India revoked Kashmir’s status, more locals are taking up arms in the disputed region.
The future is uncertain for the thousands of snakes, lizards and crocodiles at the Guindy Snake Park.
The National Gallery says their repatriation will “close a very difficult chapter of our history”.
At least 149 people have died across the Indian state this monsoon season.
It was one of several landslides in Himachal Pradesh on Sunday.
Heavy rains have battered India’s western coast, leaving dozens dead and prompting mass evacuations.
The BBC looks back at the pivotal moment when India’s economy changed forever.
Rescuers are racing to evacuate survivors but many are feared missing in the state of Maharashtra.
Seven months on, farmers are still striking against contentious new laws outside the national capital.
The disappearance of a two-day-old baby was the start of a case that crossed state lines in India.
India’s most populous state has a contentious plan for curbing population growth. But is it necessary?